Unified framework for numerical methods to solve the time-dependent Maxwell equations.
(2003) Unified framework for numerical methods to solve the time-dependent Maxwell equations. Computer Physics Communication 156, 43-61.
We present a comparative study of numerical algorithms to solve the time-dependent Maxwell equations for systems with spatially varying permittivity and permeability. We show that the Lie–Trotter–Suzuki product-formula approach can be used to construct a family of unconditionally stable algorithms, the conventional Yee algorithm, and two new variants of the Yee algorithm that do not require the use of the staggered-in-time grid. We also consider a one-step algorithm, based on the Chebyshev polynomial expansion, and compare the computational efficiency of the one-step, the Yee-type, the alternating-direction-implicit, and the unconditionally stable algorithms. For applications where the long-time behavior is of main interest, we find that the one-step algorithm may be orders of magnitude more efficient than present multiple time-step, finite-difference time-domain algorithms.