Herpetosiphon poelensis sp. nov., a filamentous predatory bacterium isolated from sandy soil and Herpetosiphon giganteus.
Three filamentous gliding bacteria from the German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Hp g11, Hp g471 and Hp g472, were subjected to a phylogenetic analysis. These organisms had previously been classified as members of the genus Herpetosiphon based on their growth physiology and morphology. However, a taxonomic assignment at the species level had not been carried out. Analysis of 16S rRNA sequences now confirmed the close relationship of strain Hp g472 to Herpetosiphon aurantiacus DSM 785T (98.6 % nucleotide identity) and Herpetosiphon geysericola DSM 7119T (97.7 %). The results of DNA-DNA hybridization experiments further implied that strain Hp g472 should be classified as a distinct species. The DNA G+C content of strain Hp g472 was 49.9 mol%. The major quinone was MK-10 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1, C16 : 1 and C16 : 0. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data it was concluded that strain Hp g472 represents a novel species of the genus Herpetosiphon, for which the name Herpetosiphon gulosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Hp g472T (=DSM 52871T=NBRC 112829T). In contrast to Hp g472T, the strains Hp g11 and Hp g471 exhibited closest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (>99 %) with 'Herpetosiphon giganteus' Hp a2. The distinctive genotypic and phenotypic properties of the latter supported the revival of the name as Herpetosiphon giganteus (ex Reichenbach & Golecki, 1975) sp. nov., nom. rev. We propose the previously deposited reference strain DSM 589T=NBRC 112828T as the type strain.