A polyphasic approach leads to seven new species of the cellulose-decomposing genus Sorangium, Sorangium ambruticinum sp. nov., Sorangium arenae sp. nov., Sorangium bulgaricum sp. nov., Sorangium dawidii sp. nov., Sorangium kenyense sp. nov....
Seventy-three strains of Sorangium have been isolated from soil samples collected from all over the world. The strains were characterized using a polyphasic approach and phenotypic, genotypic and chemotype analyses clarified their taxonomic relationships. 16S rRNA, xynB1, groEL1, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ioniziation time-of-flight mass spectrometry and API-ZYM analyses were conducted. In addition, from selected representative strains, fatty acids, quinones and phospholipids were analysed. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization and DNA-DNA hybridization against the current type species of Sorangiumcellulosum strain Soce 1871T (DSM 14627T) completed the analyses. Finally, our study revealed seven new species of Sorangium: Sorangium ambruticinum (Soce 176T; DSM 53252T, NCCB 100639T, sequence accession number ERS2488998), Sorangium arenae (Soce 1078T; DSM 105768T, NCCB 100643T, ERS2489002), Sorangium bulgaricum (Soce 321T; DSM 53339T, NCCB 100640T, ERS2488999), Sorangium dawidii (Soce 362T; DSM 105767T, NCCB 100641T, ERS2489000), Sorangium kenyense (Soce 375T; DSM 105741T, NCCB 100642T, ERS2489001), Sorangium orientale (Soce GT47T; DSM 105742T, NCCB 100638T, ERS2501484) and Sorangium reichenbachii (Soce 1828T; DSM 105769T, NCCB 100644T, ERS2489003).