Rhodococcus defluvii sp. nov., isolated from wastewater of a bioreactor and formal proposal to reclassify [Corynebacterium hoagii] and Rhodococcus equi as Rhodococcus hoagii comb. nov.

Kämpfer P, Dott W, Martin K, Glaeser SP (2014) Rhodococcus defluvii sp. nov., isolated from wastewater of a bioreactor and formal proposal to reclassify [Corynebacterium hoagii] and Rhodococcus equi as Rhodococcus hoagii comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 64(Pt 3), 755-761. PubMed

Abstract

A Gram-stain-positive, non-endospore-forming rod-shaped bacterium, strain Ca11(T), was isolated from a bioreactor with extensive phosphorus removal and was studied in detail for its taxonomic allocation. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed closest sequence similarity of the strain to type strains of [Corynebacterium hoagii] and Rhodococcus equi (98.9%), Rhodococcus koreensis and Rhodococcus wratislaviensis (both 98.4%), Rhodococcus opacus and Rhodococcus canchipurensis (both 98.0%) followed by Rhodococcus kunmingensis and Rhodococcus imtechensis (97.7%). Phylogenetic trees showed a distinct clustering of strain Ca11(T) with the type strains of [C. hoagii], R. equi, and R. kunmingensis separate to all other species of the genus Rhodococcus. The quinone system of strain Ca11(T) was composed of dihydrogenated menaquinones with 8 (major amount) as well as 7 and 6 isoprenoid units [MK-8(H2), MK-7(H2), MK-6(H2)]. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, one unknown phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid. The fatty acid profile was similar to that reported for R. equi and contained major amounts of C16:0, C18:1ω9c and 10-methyl C18:0, supporting the allocation of the strain to the genus Rhodococcus. Physiological and biochemical characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization with type strains of the most closely related species allowed clear phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of the isolate. On the basis of these results, strain Ca11(T) ( = DSM 45893(T) = LMG 27563(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, with the proposed name Rhodococcus defluvii sp. nov. In addition, a polyphasic taxonomic analysis of [Corynebacterium hoagii] DSM 20295(T) and Rhodococcus equi DSM 20307(T) indicated that the two strains belong to the same species, for which the name Rhodococcus hoagii comb. nov. takes priority, according to the Rules of the Bacteriological Code.

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doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.053322-0 PMID: 24198057