Structure revision of a widespread marine sulfonolipid class based on isolation and total synthesis.

Roman D, Meisinger P, Guillonneau R, Peng CC, Peltner LK, Jordan PM, Haensch V, Götze S, Werz O, Hertweck C, Chen Y, Beemelmanns C (2024) Structure revision of a widespread marine sulfonolipid class based on isolation and total synthesis. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

The cosmopolitan marine Roseobacter clade is of global biogeochemical importance. Members of this clade produce sulfur-containing amino lipids (SALs) of importance for biofilm formation and marine surface colonization processes. Despite their physiological importance and abundance, SALs have only been explored through genomic mining approaches and lipidomic studies based on mass spectrometry, which left the relative and absolute structures of SALs unresolved hindering progress in biochemical and functional investigations. Here, we report the structural revision of a new group of SALs, which we named cysteinolides, using a combination of analytical techniques, isolation and degradation experiments and total synthetic efforts. Contrary to the previously proposed homotaurine-based structures, cysteinolides are composed of an N,O-acylated cysteinolic acid-containing head group carrying various different (α‑hydroxy) carboxylic acids. We performed the first validated targeted-network based analysis, which allowed us to map the distribution and structural diversity of cysteinolides across bacterial lineages. Beyond offering structural insights, our research provides SAL standards and validated analytical data. This information holds significance for forthcoming investigations into bacterial sulfonolipid metabolism and biogeochemical nutrient cycling within marine environments.

Leibniz-HKI-Authors

Veit Hänsch
Christian Hertweck
Philippe Meisinger

Identifier

doi: 10.1002/anie.202401195

PMID: 38529534