Streptomyces alleviate abiotic stress in plant by producing pteridic acids.

Yang Z, Qiao Y, Konakalla NC, Strøbech E, Harris P, Peschel G, Agler-Rosenbaum M, Weber T, Andreasson E, Ding L (2023) Streptomyces alleviate abiotic stress in plant by producing pteridic acids. Nat Commun 14(1), 7398.


Soil microbiota can confer fitness advantages to plants and increase crop resilience to drought and other abiotic stressors. However, there is little evidence on the mechanisms correlating a microbial trait with plant abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we report that Streptomyces effectively alleviate drought and salinity stress by producing spiroketal polyketide pteridic acid H (1) and its isomer F (2), both of which promote root growth in Arabidopsis at a concentration of 1.3 nM under abiotic stress. Transcriptomics profiles show increased expression of multiple stress responsive genes in Arabidopsis seedlings after pteridic acids treatment. We confirm in vivo a bifunctional biosynthetic gene cluster for pteridic acids and antimicrobial elaiophylin production. We propose it is mainly disseminated by vertical transmission and is geographically distributed in various environments. This discovery reveals a perspective for understanding plant-Streptomyces interactions and provides a promising approach for utilising beneficial Streptomyces and their secondary metabolites in agriculture to mitigate the detrimental effects of climate change.


Miriam Agler-Rosenbaum
Gundela Peschel


doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-43177-3

PMID: 37968347