Catalytic asymmetric conjugate reduction with ethanol: A more reactive system Pd(II)–iPr-DUPHOS complex with molecular sieves 4A

Monguchi D, Beemelmanns C, Hashizume D, Hamashima Y, Sodeoka M (2008) Catalytic asymmetric conjugate reduction with ethanol: A more reactive system Pd(II)–iPr-DUPHOS complex with molecular sieves 4A Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 693(5), 867-873.

Abstract

We describe herein the catalytic asymmetric conjugate reduction of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds using a novel cationic Pd–iPr-DUPHOS complex. In this reaction, EtOH worked well as a solvent and a reducing agent, and the reaction was completed within several hours in most cases to afford the reduced compounds almost quantitatively with modest to good enantioselectivity (up to 72% ee). It was found that the Pd–iPr-DUPHOS complex was more reactive than the previously reported Pd–BINAP complex when molecular sieves 4A was added as an additive. Based on an X-ray structural analysis of [Pd{(S,S)-iPr-duphos}](OTf)2 complex, a working hypothesis of the reaction mechanism is also described.

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doi: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2007.10.005